How Wholesaling Houses Works

Learn how wholesaling houses works in this in-depth article.  You will find lots of useful information, FAQs and detailed answers to learn about wholesaling houses below.

What Is Wholesaling Houses?

Wholesaling houses is a short term business strategy that involves the buying and selling of real estate contracts.

House wholesalers find distressed or under-valued properties, then sign exclusive contracts with the owners to find buyers for their houses. 

At a high level a house wholesaler:

1) Finds and contracts with distressed property sellers,

2) Finds buyers for those properties, and

3) Makes money by selling the purchase contract 

How to Wholesale Houses

Watch the video below to learn the in-depth steps required in wholesaling houses.

The key to wholesaling houses is that the wholesaler never takes ownership in the property — only the contract changes hands. This allows the wholesaler to match house buyers and sellers, making money from a transaction spread on the purchase contract. This speeds up the transaction.  It also eliminates the risks and financing required to buy and sell real estate. 

House wholesalers make money by selling the right to purchase a house at a discounted price.  The buyer / investor simply purchases the contractual right to purchase the house at a discounted price.  The wholesaler does not charge the seller of the house. 

The homeowner is typically in a financially distressed situation (divorce, death or health problem) and needs to convert the house into cash quickly.  The homeowner will often agree to sell at a discounted price in exchange for a quick sale.  Wholesale house purchases usually do not involve a real estate agent, cutting out a significant transaction cost. 

Read more about what wholesaling houses entails here >

Wholesaling Houses Step-by-Step

Step-by-Step - Real Estate Wholesaling

Below is a step-by-step guide to how wholesaling houses works.

STEP #1 – Set Up a House Wholesaling Business

In most states, it’s best to set up a Limited Liability Company (LLC) as the legal entity to run your house wholesaling business.  This insulates you from potential liability, should any of your wholesale deals go bad. Learn more about LLCs here > 

A license is unnecessary in most U.S. locations to wholesale properties.  You do not need to be a licensed real estate agent or broker.  You simply need a standard business license and bank account. 

Wholesaling houses is a business and should be treated that way.  You will need business basics such as a phone, website, printer, business cards, flyers, letterhead, CPA, etc.  You will need solid wholesale contracts tailored for your state’s legal requirements (get a lawyer to create them for you).  You should also budget between $5,000 to $10,000 for advertising and direct mail campaigns.  

STEP #2 – Find Undervalued Houses to Wholesale

The next step is to source undervalued and distressed houses that you can wholesale.  There are a number of ways to do this (discussed below). 

In the beginning, new wholesalers should network and canvass neighborhoods locally, looking for distressed houses.  After that, you can invest in direct mail and ad campaigns that target financially distressed homeowners.  Learn more about running wholesaling houses ads here >

STEP #3 – Sign a Wholesale Purchase Agreement With the Homeowner / Seller

Once you’ve found several distressed houses, approach the homeowners personally or by letter.  Offer to find them an immediate all-cash buyer for their house (it helps to have these cash buyers ready, of course). 

Homeowners looking for a quick sale get motivated when they hear “all-cash buyer”.  This means the sale can occur quickly without mortgage approvals or banks involved.  

The wholesaler’s job at this point is to explain how the wholesale transaction works and why it’s good for the seller.  

The purchase price is typically discounted significantly for costs necessary to rehab and correct any liens or title issues on the property.  These are costs a buyer will need to incur later to make the house marketable.

After agreeing to a price the wholesaler and homeowner sign an exclusive Wholesale Purchase Agreement.  In this Agreement the wholesaler agrees to find a cash buyer at or above a specified price.  Once this Agreement is signed, the wholesaler can record it at the County Recorder’s office.  Learn more about wholesaling contracts here >  

STEP #4 – Sell the Contract to a Cash Buyer / Investor

Once the wholesaler has a signed Wholesale Purchase Agreement in hand, he or she offers to sell it to a buyer in exchange for a transaction fee or “spread”. 

There may be some back-and-forth negotiation on the price of the contract, or the parties may agree to a standard fee.  The greater the spread, the more the wholesaler makes.

Once the parties agree on a price, they execute an Assignment Agreement.  This transfers the contractual right to purchase the house to the new buyer/investor.  This Assignment Agreement is embedded in the Wholesale Purchase Agreement, so it is quick and easy to sign over the contract to the cash buyer.  This is known as “assigning the contract”.  

STEP #5 – Record the Wholesale Purchase Agreement and Assignment Agreement

The final step is for the house wholesaler to record the Wholesale Purchase Agreement with the seller and the Assignment Agreement with the buyer at the County Recorder’s office.  This formalizes the wholesale transaction and protects the rights of all parties.  The buyer then pays the wholesaler and proceeds with purchasing the house with cash. 

Read more about the steps involved in wholesaling houses here >

How to Find Wholesale Houses

Sourcing Wholesale Houses

One of the biggest challenges when getting started wholesaling houses is finding undervalued properties with willing sellers. 

Personal Networking & Canvassing

When you first start out wholesaling houses, it’s best to use personal networking. Canvas neighborhoods by car and foot.  Focusing on your local market works best because you can be continuously available for new opportunities when they pop up.

When you drive and walk neighborhoods, stop and talk to people — particularly retirees who have been in the area a long time.  Introduce yourself as a house buyer (most people won’t understand what wholesaling houses is).  

Ask “do you know anybody who might be looking to sell their house quickly because of a divorce, health problem or death in the family?”  This will often uncover opportunities. Be friendly and build personal relationships. If the individual has a personal relationship with the seller it can also get you warm introductions.   

As you speak with people, leave your business card and a flyer or refrigerator magnet with them.

A blurb on the back of your card offering $100 for good leads can go a long way.  

Pick a new neighborhood or two and canvass them on weekends when people are out and not at work.  Look for “fixer” houses that can be promising investments for fix & flip or rental investors. 

Direct Mail Campaigns

Throwing a wide net using direct mail is another technique to source wholesale houses. 

Direct mail prompts the homeowner to phone or email you at a number listed on the mailer.  This creates an inbound flow of potential wholesale deals. 

There are many companies that offer “we buy houses with cash” direct mail lists and campaigns at a very reasonable price.  

Mailers come in many shapes and sizes, from letters to postcards to refrigerator magnets.  These are designed to stand out, cut through mounds of junk mail and and get the attention of a homeowner.  

You can also include your flyers with local discount shopping mailer services.  Almost every city and town across the U.S. has a company or two that sends out mailers with discount offers from pizza parlors, HVAC companies, landscapers, mobile phone services, and much more.  These reach nearly every household, and it can be a good way to get the word out broadly.  

Keep in mind direct mail is a high-volume, low-probability game.  For every 1,000 or so letters you may get only 5-10 inquiries and 1-2 wholesale deals.  Direct mail requires persistence and repetition — with 5-10 pieces of mail per person common.  Be prepared to spend $5,000-$10,000 on a 3-month campaign. 


Another way to find wholesale houses with willing sellers is to run ad campaigns in print and online media. 

Local newspapers and “city rags” offer cheap classifieds sections.  You can usually get a substantial discount by buying multiple months at a time.  

Craigslist, Facebook local, and local mobile apps are all places you can run ads for free or cheap.  

Facebook Ads, Google AdWords, Bing Ads, Yelp Ads and other digital networks are all potential advertising channels.  These networks allow you to geo target pay-per-click ads to people in specific ZIP codes.  In some cases, you can even target demographics like age, household income, etc. 

Local TV stations and cable networks offer ads that reach viewers directly.  Beside the cost of creating the video ads, you can buy a substantial number of impressions relatively cheaply.  This is particularly true if you run ads late at night or in the early morning — times when distressed homeowners are often up and watching television. 

You can run ads on a website like to get wholesaling houses leads.  These sites attract millions of visits from people looking to sell their houses for cash.  You can run ads or pay for leads from ZIP codes you specify.  You are matched directly with house sellers through the website.  

Outdoor display ads can be useful as well.  Bus stops, benches on busy streets, and even highway billboards are all viable ways to source wholesale house leads.  It comes down to your budget. 

Property Finders

You can (and should) leverage other people to find wholesale house leads for you.  

No time to canvas neighborhoods yourself?  Hire an army of teens to canvas neighborhoods for you on a commission basis.

Hire specialists to visit the county Tax Assessor’s office to find homeowners late on their taxes.  Back taxes are a good indicator of financial urgency.  (There are dedicated paid services that do this as well).

Real estate agents can be a great source of wholesaling houses leads.  Many owners (particularly older ones) do not want to pay an agent a commission to market and sell their home.  Building relationships with real estate agents in town can get you a stream of client “rejects” that the agent couldn’t land.  

There are a few websites where owners list their homes for sale directly:  FSBO and ForSaleByOwner are two of them.  You’re unlikely to find deeply discounted properties here but it’s worth looking if you’ve got good cash buyers. 


Finding Buyers for Wholesale Houses

Buyers of wholesale houses are typically property investors looking to rehab and flip, or rehab and rent the property. So how do you find these investors?  

Here are a few ways to identify who buys wholesale houses:

Contact the “We Buy Houses” Ads in Your Area  

These ads are run by property investors and other wholesalers to find properties.  These are motivated buyers with access to ample cash.  This is a good way to develop investor relationships and turn over houses quickly.

Attend REIA Meetings in Your Area

REIA (Real Estate Investment Association) meetings are well-attended by individual and institutional real estate investors looking for discounted properties.  You can also check out our list of house flipping investment groups here >

Run Ads Online or in Your Local Paper

Running advertisements online or in your local paper’s real estate section is a good way to find investors who buy wholesale houses for cash.  Make sure to incorporate keywords in your ads such as “below market”, “cheap” and “profitable”.  And include an easy way for investors to contact you. 

Wholesaling Houses – Handling Tax Liens


Wholesale house tax liens

Many wholesale properties you come across will have some sort of tax lien issue.  People in good financial condition generally don’t sell their home at a discount to quick cash buyers.  So you can assume the owner is in some financial distress.

It’s essential that you consider the cost to cure a tax lien when agreeing to a wholesale house price.  You need to do your due diligence by checking with the total tax authority to determine the size of the tax lien on the property.  Curing a tax lien is required to make the house marketable, so it must come out of the sale price. 

Also keep in mind that the Tax Assessor may be in the process of foreclosing on the homeowner when you come long.  If the Tax Assessor has started foreclosing on the tax lien, then you have to get the deal closed fast before the house gets sold at auction. 

Tax foreclosures are a big risk factor in wholesaling houses. You don’t want to sign a wholesale contract, assign it to a buyer, then have the house sold at a tax sale before the buyer can make the house purchase.  In that case, you would need to refund the contract sale price plus any associated costs to the buyer. 

It is important to investigate tax liens and other foreclosure liens. No matter how much “buyer beware” language you include in the assignment contract, if the property is sold at a tax auction before the investor completes the purchase will come looking for his money back.

Escrow Nuances for Wholesaling Houses


Escrow for wholesaling houses

The escrow process for wholesaling houses is often poorly understood. However, getting through escrow is essential to close wholesale deals and you must know how it works. 

After a wholesaler assigns the Purchase Agreement (right to purchase) to an investor the next step is for the wholesaler to take this assignment contract to an escrow company. There the wholesaler opens an escrow account and submits the signed Purchase Agreement and Assignment Agreement. 

Either the wholesaler or buyer / investor will then order a title search.  The wholesaler may have already informed the buyer of known title or lien issues, but this step is necessary to get all the facts. It takes 3 to 5 days to get the title search report and it is shared with both parties involved in the contract.

The escrow agent may also ask for other contract-related information, such as:

  • Beneficiary statements
  • Taxes
  • Review of transfer terms
  • Insurance

The wholesale transaction will move to escrow closing. The escrow agent will sit down and review the file, ensuring that all the terms and conditions have been met. They will ensure the documents are correct and available for signatures. 

Finally, the parties will meet and sign any necessary documents and the buyer / investor will transfer the wholesale contract purchase price to the wholesaler. The transaction is recorded and the file is closed.

Wholesaling Houses vs. Alternatives


Options to wholesaling houses

There are other ways to make money flipping houses than wholesaling.  Depending on your skills, time and resources, you may choose one or more of these techniques.

  • Fix & Flip Houses.  Buying, rehabbing and flipping houses is good for hands-on types willing and able to “get their hands dirty” with construction projects.  This is an excellent choice for people in the residential construction business who know what they’re doing and have access to reliable skilled labor. Many fix & flip houses need only cosmetic upgrades, while others require full rebuilds.  Fix & flip is the “bread and butter” of house flipping.
  • Flipping Foreclosure Auctions. Flipping foreclosed houses can be a rich source of undervalued properties. But buying the right one at auction requires skill, focus and persistence.
  • Flipping Short Sales.  Flipping short sale houses is a common tactic during recessions after big drops in a local real estate market.  Short sales occur when lots of houses sit on the market unsold and their owners are “underwater” on their mortgages.  In this case the bank decides to accept a loss on the mortgage balance instead of having to complete a foreclosure and sell the house at auction at an even bigger loss.  Buying short sale houses requires patience as the bank is directly involved and short sales require lots of approvals.
  • Flipping REOs. Real estate owned by banks that have “taken the property back” after foreclosing and being unable to sell it at auction is another option for house flippers.  The good thing about REOs is the bank has normally cleared all liens and made the house marketable before putting it up for sale.  The bad thing about REOs is they are typically sold in the retail market so finding one at a significantly discounted price is challenging.  The REO market is good for live-in flippers and longer term rental investors.

Wholesaling Houses FAQs

Wholesaling houses FAQs

Related Posts

16 Best States and Cities to Wholesale Real Estate

16 Best States and Cities to Wholesale Real Estate

The real estate market is hot these days, with homes getting snapped up in days and bidding wars breaking out left and right. For wholesalers, this is a great time to do deals, as investor interest is high. Of course, some states and cities are better to wholesale...

15 Questions to Ask Motivated Sellers When Wholesaling Real Estate

15 Questions to Ask Motivated Sellers When Wholesaling Real Estate

As a real estate wholesaler, you perform a very valuable service. You help motivated buyers and sellers find each other in a very noisy market. The real estate wholesaler is not always looked at as a benevolent soul trying to make everyone's life better. It may be...

9 Questions to Ask a Wholesaler When Selling Your Home

9 Questions to Ask a Wholesaler When Selling Your Home

You've decided to sell your home to a real estate wholesaler. Now, you need to know what to ask the real estate wholesaler because they are not the same as real estate agents. Also, maybe you are hoping to sell your home faster and with less effort and money spent on...

How To Start Wholesaling Real Estate

How To Start Wholesaling Real Estate

Wholesaling real estate can be a lucrative side income or full-time occupation. Connecting a seller and buyer and taking a “finder’s fee” without having to tie up your own capital in a property can be a great way to do deals quickly. But how do you start wholesaling...

How Much Can You Make Wholesaling Houses?

How Much Can You Make Wholesaling Houses?

Wholesaling houses can be a lucrative source of income if you have the skills to find properties and sell them with a good margin. After all, you’re not buying the property itself at any stage during the process, so you can make thousands of dollars just for acting as...

Is Wholesaling Houses Illegal?

Is Wholesaling Houses Illegal?

There has been an ongoing debate about whether selling real estate wholesale is legal. If you ask real estate professionals, you can get many different answers but often never the same answer. Real Estate Wholesaler's Niche First, let's look at the niche real estate...

Wholesale Real Estate Terminology You Must Know – Part Two

Wholesale Real Estate Terminology You Must Know – Part Two

If you’re a real estate wholesaler or just cutting your teeth on the topic, take a look at these must-know real estate terms. For those of you who know all of them, bravo! But, if there are some terms that you don’t know or are unsure about, review them and make sure...

Who Pays Closing Costs in a Wholesale Real Estate Deal?

Who Pays Closing Costs in a Wholesale Real Estate Deal?

If you have never closed a real estate deal, you may be forgiven for thinking that it is a simple transaction. The buyer and seller meet, agree to the contract terms, exchange cash, and go on with their lives. Of course, that is not how it ever happens! There is a lot...

How to Buy Real Estate From a Wholesaler?

How to Buy Real Estate From a Wholesaler?

Buying real estate from a wholesaler can be a great opportunity to purchase an undervalued property, fix it up, and reap profits later. Finding a good wholesale property, though, isn't as easy as buying a property on the regular real estate market. Wholesalers are...

Do You Need a Lawyer to Wholesale Real Estate?

Do You Need a Lawyer to Wholesale Real Estate?

Wholesaling real estate, on the face of it, seems like a straightforward enough business. You find a property and seller, enter into a purchase contract with them, and then sell and transfer that contract to the end buyer. Unfortunately, it's often more complicated...

How Wholesale Real Estate Contracts Work

How Wholesale Real Estate Contracts Work

Like some of you, I was once a novice in wholesale real estate, and I scavenged the Internet for all the information that I could find on it. Now, there are guides, like this one, to explain how wholesale real estate contracts work.  So, whether you are new to being a...

Wholesale Real Estate Terminology You Must Know – Part One

Wholesale Real Estate Terminology You Must Know – Part One

We have compiled a list of some of the must-know vocabulary for all you hustlers working in wholesale real estate or thinking about getting into it. The vocabulary you need to know is a bit different from that used by real estate agents and bankers since real estate...

Do You Need Money to Wholesale Houses?

Do You Need Money to Wholesale Houses?

Real estate wholesaling is a way of making money with properties that you don’t own without going through the hoops of becoming a real estate agent or broker. You don’t buy the property, so you don’t need to invest large sums in it. Still, people interested in this...

Taxes on Wholesale Real Estate: Who Pays and How Much?

Taxes on Wholesale Real Estate: Who Pays and How Much?

Have you decided that you want to be a real estate wholesaler but don’t know where to begin? Or, do you have some lingering reservations because you don’t know how to handle the money part? Well, read more and find out how to manage your taxes so that you don’t have...

Reverse Wholesaling Vs. Wholesaling Real Estate

Reverse Wholesaling Vs. Wholesaling Real Estate

If you're interested in wholesaling real estate properties it's important to know the differences between reverse wholesaling and wholesaling. Both can be very profitable but approach wholesaling from different angles. Two Approaches to Wholesaling Real Estate There...

How Does The Escrow Process Work For Wholesale Houses?

How Does The Escrow Process Work For Wholesale Houses?

Title and escrow are the least covered topics in wholesaling houses. However, it is important to understand the escrow process because the power of this process can’t be denied. Read on to learn all the details about the escrow process: Understanding the Escrow...

Do You Need a License to Wholesale Houses?

Do You Need a License to Wholesale Houses?

Wholesaling houses has truly become one of the best ways to get into the real estate investing industry. However, when it comes to real estate wholesaling many people wonder if a real estate license is a must to get started. The simple answer is no -- you don’t need a...

Wholesaling Houses Case Study

Wholesaling Houses Case Study

Before wholesaling houses, reviewing a few successful case studies can help." Such case studies offer the foundational knowledge you will need to make wise decisions when wholesaling. My First Wholesaling Case Study I have closed on many real estate deals in the past....

Where to Find Properties for Wholesaling?

Where to Find Properties for Wholesaling?

Real estate agents are always on the lookout for potential properties they can sell through numerous means. While there are multiple means of selling a property, including fixing and flipping and foreclosure, we will be focusing on wholesaling in this article....

How Do You Network to Find Wholesale Houses?

How Do You Network to Find Wholesale Houses?

Who’s the best house wholesaler in town? The one who networks well and is able to find wholesale houses quickly! Networking effectively is a skill real estate wholesalers need to have in spades to source houses at discount prices. At the end of the day, it is how you...

Did you find this useful? If so please share and comment!